Machinery Safety Information

OSHA Safety Regulations for Industrial Machines and Equipment

OSHA Regulations for Lockout / Tagout

Overview

A large percentage of accidents occur because of failure to lockout/tagout the machinery during service and maintenance. The failure to lockout/tagout is one of the largest source of violations found by OSHA when investigating an accident.

When to Lockout / Tagout:

Lockout and Tagout is required by OSHA for any maintenance or servicing operation when:
  • An employee is required to remove or bypass a guard or other safety device; or
  • An employee is required to place any part of his or her body into an area on a machine or piece of equipment where work is actually performed upon the material being processed (point of operation) or where an associated danger zone exists during a machine operating cycle.



  • Employers Must Develop a Lockout / Tagout Program

    OSHA requires all employers to develop a specific program to ensure all machinery and equipment is locked out and tagged out during maintenance and servicing:

    OSHA 1910.147(a)(3)(i) This section requires employers to establish a program and utilize procedures for affixing appropriate lockout devices or tagout devices to energy isolating devices, and to otherwise disable machines or equipment to prevent unexpected energization, start up or release of stored energy in order to prevent injury to employees.

    OSHA 1910.147(c)(4)(i) The Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout): Procedures shall be developed, documented, and utilized for the control of potentially hazardous energy when employees are engaged in the activities covered in this section.


    Procedure Requirements

    OSHA has define a specific set of required elements which must be included in the Employer's Lockout / Tagout Procedures:

    1910.147(c)(4)(ii)The procedures shall clearly and specifically outline the scope, purpose, authorization, rules, and techniques to be utilized for the control of hazardous energy, and the means to enforce compliance including, but not limited to, the following:
  • A specific statement of the intended use of the procedure;
  • Specific procedural steps for shutting down, isolating, blocking and securing machines or equipment to control hazardous energy;
  • Specific procedural steps for the placement, removal and transfer of lockout devices or tagout devices and the responsibility for them; and
  • Specific requirements for testing a machine or equipment to determine and verify the effectiveness of lockout devices, tagout devices, and other energy control measures.


  • Training of Employees

    OSHA also requires that all affected employees are to be trained. This includes all machinery operators, maintenance staff, production workers, and "all other employees whose work operations are or may be in an area where energy control procedures may be utilized."

    1910.147(c)(7)(i) The employer shall provide training to ensure that the purpose and function of the energy control program are understood by employees and that the knowledge and skills required for the safe application, usage, and removal of the energy controls are acquired by employees.


    For OSHA Lockout Tagout Training, see: OSHA Lockout Tagout Training

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  • The most useful links, and the most helpful info for those using machinery and automated equipment.

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    Useful Links

    OSHA Regulations: OSHA's complete set of regulations for general industry.

    OSHA App: An iPhone app with all OSHA Regulations.

    Expert Witness: An Expert in Machines, Manufacturing, and Automated Equipment.